WHO Reports that Monkeypox Cases have Increased 20% in the Past Week to 35,000 across 92 countries.

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Infections increased by nearly 7,500 to more than 35,000 cases total across 92 countries, according to the World Health Organization.

Nearly all cases are reported in Europe and the Americas among men who have sex with men, according to the WHO.

Global vaccine supplies are limited, and there’s limited data on the shots effectiveness in the current outbreak.

According to the World Health Organization, monkeypox cases have increased by 20% over the past week, spreading around the globe.

According to WHO data, infections climbed by about 7,500 to reach more than 35,000 cases overall across 92 countries, however the majority of cases are recorded in Europe and the Americas. So far, twelve fatalities have been documented.

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus stated that men who have sex with other men continue to make up the vast majority of patients. According to Tedros, there is still a dearth of information on the effectiveness of the monkeypox vaccine, known as Jynneos in the United States, as well as a limited global supply of it. Danish biotech business Bavarian Nordic produces Jynneos.

We are still worried that the poorest people will continue to be left behind and that vaccination access will be as unequal as it was during the Covid-19 pandemic, Tedros said at a news conference in Geneva on Wednesday.

Dr. Rosamund Lewis, the WHO’s monkeypox technical director, says that although there isn’t much information on the vaccine’s efficacy, there have been reports of breakthrough instances in which patients who received the shots after being exposed to the virus are still becoming sick and vice versa.

The monkeypox vaccination can be given either before or after exposure to lower the chance of developing a serious illness or infection.

According to Lewis, who spoke to reporters, “We have understood from the beginning that this vaccine would not be a panacea, that it would not live up to all the expectations that are being placed on it, and that we do not have strong efficacy or effectiveness evidence in this setting.

These stories, according to Lewis, are not shocking, but they emphasise the significance of people adopting additional precautions like limiting the number of partners they have and refraining from group or casual intercourse during the present outbreak. It’s crucial for individuals to understand that their immune system doesn’t fully respond until two weeks after receiving the second dose, she added.

People definitely need to wait until the vaccination can produce the strongest immune response, but the total effectiveness is yet unknown, according to Lewis. According to a tiny research conducted in the 1980s, the monkeypox vaccination was 85% efficient at preventing smallpox. Both smallpox and monkeypox, which belong to the same viral family, were approved for treatment with Jynneos in the United States in 2019.

We’re starting to see some breakthrough cases, which is also extremely significant information because it shows us that the vaccination isn’t always successful, she added.

The monkeypox virus has undergone certain alterations, but it is unclear what these changes represent for the pathogen’s activity and how they affect the human immune system, Lewis said.

Recently, a case of the current outbreak’s first known case of an animal contracting monkeypox from people was documented in Paris. A couple who contracted the virus and became unwell infected their beloved dog. The couple claimed that the dog slept on their bed. Monkeypox patients have been urged by public health officials to stay away from their pets.

Dr. Mike Ryan, director of the WHO’s health emergency division, noted that an infection in a pet is neither rare nor unexpected. According to Dr. Sylvie Briand, director of pandemic preparedness at the WHO, dogs cannot infect humans with the virus.

Lewis noted that there is a potential risk of the virus spreading to rodents that rummage through trash, and that good waste management is essential to prevent this from happening. In the past, rats and other small mammals in West and Central Africa have contracted monkeypox before humans.

The spread of disease from one species to the next and its subsequent persistence in that species are two things we do not want to see, according to Ryan. In this case, the virus might quickly mutate, posing a serious risk to the public’s health.

The virus won’t likely develop any faster in a single dog than it will in a single human, he predicted.

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